Würtemberger J, Tchessalova D, Regina C, Bauer C, Schneider M, Wagers AJ, Hettmer S. 2020. Growth inhibition associated with disruption of the actin cytoskeleton by Latrunculin A in rhabdomyosarcoma cells. PloS one. 15(9):e0238572. Pubmed: 32898143 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0238572


Functional genomic screening of KRAS-driven mouse sarcomas was previously employed to identify proliferation-relevant genes. Genes identified included Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 (Ube2c), Centromere Protein E (Cenpe), Hyaluronan Synthase 2 (Has2), and CAMP Responsive Element Binding Protein 3 Like 2 (Creb3l2). This study examines the expression and chemical inhibition of these candidate genes, identifying variable levels of protein expression and significant contributions to rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) cell proliferation. Chemical treatment of human and murine RMS cell lines with bortezomib, UA62784, latrunculin A and sorafenib inhibited growth with approximate EC50 concentrations of 15-30nM for bortezomib, 25-80nM for UA62784 and 80-220nM for latrunculin A. The multi-kinase inhibitor sorafenib increased in vitro proliferation of 4 of 6 sarcoma cell lines tested. Latrunculin A was further associated with disruption of the actin cytoskeleton and reduced ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Together, this work advances opportunities for developing therapies to block progression of soft-tissue sarcomas and demonstrates that disruption of the actin cytoskeleton in sarcoma cells by latrunculin A is associated with a reduction in RMS cell growth. (167 words).

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Amy Wagers seeks to change the way we repair our tissues after an injury. Her research focuses on defining the factors and mechanisms that regulate the migration, expansion, and regenerative potential of adult blood-forming and muscle-forming stem cells.

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