Rao TN, Gupta MK, Softic S, Wang LD, Jang YC, Thomou T, Bezy O, Kulkarni RN, Kahn CR, Wagers AJ. 2018. Attenuation of PKCδ enhances metabolic activity and promotes expansion of blood progenitors. The EMBO journal. 37(24). Pubmed: 30446598 DOI:10.15252/embj.2018100409


A finely tuned balance of self-renewal, differentiation, proliferation, and survival governs the pool size and regenerative capacity of blood-forming hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Here, we report that protein kinase C delta (PKCδ) is a critical regulator of adult HSPC number and function that couples the proliferative and metabolic activities of HSPCs. PKCδ-deficient mice showed a pronounced increase in HSPC numbers, increased competence in reconstituting lethally irradiated recipients, enhanced long-term competitive advantage in serial transplantation studies, and an augmented HSPC recovery during stress. PKCδ-deficient HSPCs also showed accelerated proliferation and reduced apoptosis, but did not exhaust in serial transplant assays or induce leukemia. Using inducible knockout and transplantation models, we further found that PKCδ acts in a hematopoietic cell-intrinsic manner to restrict HSPC number and bone marrow regenerative function. Mechanistically, PKCδ regulates HSPC energy metabolism and coordinately governs multiple regulators within signaling pathways implicated in HSPC homeostasis. Together, these data identify PKCδ as a critical regulator of HSPC signaling and metabolism that acts to limit HSPC expansion in response to physiological and regenerative demands.
© 2018 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license.

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Amy Wagers seeks to change the way we repair our tissues after an injury. Her research focuses on defining the factors and mechanisms that regulate the migration, expansion, and regenerative potential of adult blood-forming and muscle-forming stem cells.

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