Wagers AJ, Stoolman LM, Kannagi R, Craig R, Kansas GS. 1997. Expression of leukocyte fucosyltransferases regulates binding to E-selectin: relationship to previously implicated carbohydrate epitopes. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 159(4):1917-29. Pubmed: 9257857


E-selectin is a carbohydrate-binding endothelial cell adhesion molecule that reportedly interacts with several related sialylated and fucosylated carbohydrates. The activity of leukocyte alpha1,3-fucosyltransferases (FucT-IV or FucT-VII) is an essential step in the synthesis of E-selectin ligands. Using a panel of stably transfected hemopoietic cell lines, we have investigated the role of alpha1,3-fucosyltransferases in generating E-selectin ligands, and the relationship between adhesion to E-selectin and expression of mAb-defined carbohydrates. Expression of FucT-VII was always sufficient for binding to E- and P-selectin, while the ability of FucT-IV to construct E-selectin ligands varied among different cell types. Furthermore, FucT-IV was unable to support any binding to P-selectin in a lymphoid cell line, even when expressed at levels equivalent to those in myeloid cells. FucT-IV expression generated high levels of surface Le(x)/CD15 and CDw65, whereas expression of FucT-VII correlated with a subset of mAb-defined sialyl Lewis X (sLex)-like structures. FucT-IV-associated epitopes were present on both binding and nonbinding cells, whereas all cells that expressed FucT-VII-associated epitopes bound E-selectin. However, treatment of HL60 cells with neuraminidase destroyed FucT-VII-associated epitopes at a faster rate than E-selectin binding sites. Surface expression of a subset of mAb-defined sLex-like carbohydrates is therefore a good marker for high levels of FucT-VII activity, but these carbohydrates are not themselves required for recognition of E-selectin.

Related Faculty

Photo of Amy Wagers

Amy Wagers seeks to change the way we repair our tissues after an injury. Her research focuses on defining the factors and mechanisms that regulate the migration, expansion, and regenerative potential of adult blood-forming and muscle-forming stem cells.

Search Menu