P-selectin (CD62P) is a member of the selectin family of adhesion molecules involved in the regulation of leukocyte traffic. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a mucin-like molecule that is thought to be a primary ligand for P-selectin. The interaction of P-selectin with PSGL-1 results in leukocyte rolling and recruitment of leukocytes to sites of inflammation and tissue injury. However, expression of PSGL-1 protein alone is insufficient for binding to P-selectin. Several posttranslational modifications of PSGL-1, including sialylation, sulfation, and fucosylation by alpha 1,3-fucosyltransferase(s) (FucT), are required for functional interaction with P-selectin. Recently, several groups have reported that PSGL-1 might also serve as a ligand for E-selectin. Differential posttranslational modifications of PSGL-1 may determine whether it can interact with either P- or E-selectin or both. To determine whether PSGL-1 is essential for adhesion to P- or E-selectin, we have constructed and analyzed a panel of stably transfected K562 cells. K562 cells express FucT-IV but not FucT-VII or PSGL-1, and do not bind to either E- or P-selectin. K562 cells transfected with PSGL-1 cDNA also did not bind to either P- or E-selectin. Binding to P-selectin occurred only when K562 cells were cotransfected with both FucT-VII and PSGL-1. In contrast, expression of FucT-VII alone was sufficient for E-selectin binding. These data demonstrate that expression of PSGL-1 is not required for adhesion of a stably transfected hematopoietic cell line to E-selectin, and suggest that FucT-IV alone cannot properly modify PSGL-1, expressed in transfected K562 cells, to bind P-selectin.