Yamamoto K, Dang QN, Kelly RA, Lee RT. 1998. Mechanical strain suppresses inducible nitric-oxide synthase in cardiac myocytes. The Journal of biological chemistry. 273(19):11862-6. Pubmed: 9565611


We investigated the effects of precisely controlled mechanical strain on nitric-oxide synthase activity in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. Incubation of cardiac myocytes for 24 h with 4 ng/ml interleukin-1beta and 100 units/ml interferon-gamma stimulated an increase in nitric oxide production, inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA, and iNOS protein. Mechanical strain suppressed nitric oxide production, iNOS mRNA, and iNOS protein stimulated by cytokines in an amplitude-dependent manner. Losartan (1 microM), an angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist, weakly inhibited the effect of strain, suggesting that paracrine angiotensin II is not the mediator of the strain effect. In addition, cycloheximide (10 microM), a protein synthesis inhibitor, inhibited the effect of strain by 46%. Transforming growth factor-beta (1 ng/ml) suppressed iNOS mRNA expression, but anti-transforming growth factor-beta antibody (30 microg/ml) did not block the effect of strain. In contrast, staurosporine (100 nM; a nonselective protein kinase inhibitor), calphostin C (1 microM; a selective protein kinase C inhibitor), and pretreatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate abolished the effect of strain. Genistein (100 microM), a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, partially inhibited the effect of strain. Thus, cyclic mechanical deformation suppresses cytokine-induced iNOS expression in cardiac myocytes, and this effect is mediated at least partially via activation of protein kinase C.

Related Faculty

Photo of Rich Lee

Rich Lee seeks to understand heart failure and metabolic diseases that accompany human aging, and translate that understanding into therapies. Lee is an active clinician, regularly treating patients at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

Search Menu