Kfoury YS, Ji F, Jain E, Mazzola M, Schiroli G, Papazian A, Mercier F, Sykes DB, Kiem A, Randolph M, Calvi LM, Abdel-Wahab O, Sadreyev RI, Scadden DT. 2023. The bone marrow stroma in human myelodysplastic syndrome reveals alterations that regulate disease progression. Blood advances. 7(21):6608-6623. Pubmed: 37450380 DOI:10.1182/bloodadvances.2022008268


Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are a heterogenous group of diseases affecting the hematopoietic stem cell that are curable only by stem cell transplantation. Both hematopoietic cell intrinsic changes and extrinsic signals from the bone marrow (BM) niche seem to ultimately lead to MDS. Animal models of MDS indicate that alterations in specific mesenchymal progenitor subsets in the BM microenvironment can induce or select for abnormal hematopoietic cells. Here, we identify a subset of human BM mesenchymal cells marked by the expression of CD271, CD146, and CD106. This subset of human mesenchymal cells is comparable with mouse mesenchymal cells that, when perturbed, result in an MDS-like syndrome. Its transcriptional analysis identified Osteopontin (SPP1) as the most overexpressed gene. Selective depletion of Spp1 in the microenvironment of the mouse MDS model, Vav-driven Nup98-HoxD13, resulted in an accelerated progression as demonstrated by increased chimerism, higher mutant myeloid cell burden, and a more pronounced anemia when compared with that in wild-type microenvironment controls. These data indicate that molecular perturbations can occur in specific BM mesenchymal subsets of patients with MDS. However, the niche adaptations to dysplastic clones include Spp1 overexpression that can constrain disease fitness and potentially progression. Therefore, niche changes with malignant disease can also serve to protect the host.
© 2023 by The American Society of Hematology. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), permitting only noncommercial, nonderivative use with attribution. All other rights reserved.

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David Scadden’s laboratory is dedicated to discovering the principles governing blood cell production, with the ultimate goal of guiding the development of therapies for blood disorders and cancer.

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