Qiu J, Takagi Y, Harada J, Topalkara K, Wang Y, Sims JR, Zheng G, Huang P, Ling Y, Scadden DT, Moskowitz MA, Cheng T. 2009. p27Kip1 constrains proliferation of neural progenitor cells in adult brain under homeostatic and ischemic conditions. Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio). 27(4):920-7. Pubmed: 19353520 DOI:10.1002/stem.1


Cell cycle inhibition of neural stem and progenitor cells is critical for maintaining the stability of central nervous system in adults, but it may represent a significant hurdle for neural regeneration after injury. We have previously demonstrated that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI) p21(cip1/waf1) (p21) maintains the quiescence of neural stem-like cells under cerebral ischemia, as similarly shown for the hematopoietic stem cells. Here, we report the distinct role of another CKI member, p27(kip1) (p27) in neural progenitor cells (NPCs) from adult brain (subventricular zone and hippocampal subgranular zone) under both homeostatic and ischemic conditions. The basal level of NPC proliferation in the p27-/- mice was higher than that in p27+/+ mice. Upon ischemia, the overall proliferation of NPCs continued to be higher in p27-/- mice than that in p27+/+ mice. Moreover, the increase of NPC proliferation in p27-/- mice remained until 2 weeks after ischemia, whereas it resumed back to the basal level in p27+/+ mice. As a result, newly generated neuronal cells in the granular layer of p27-/- brain were more abundant compared with p27+/+ controls. These new data demonstrate that p27 functions as a distinct inhibitor for NPC proliferation under homeostatic as well as ischemic conditions.

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David Scadden’s laboratory is dedicated to discovering the principles governing blood cell production, with the ultimate goal of guiding the development of therapies for blood disorders and cancer.

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