Ni F, Yu WM, Wang X, Fay ME, Young KM, Qiu Y, Lam WA, Sulchek TA, Cheng T, Scadden DT, Qu CK. 2019. Ptpn21 Controls Hematopoietic Stem Cell Homeostasis and Biomechanics. Cell stem cell. 24(4):608-620.e6. Pubmed: 30880025 DOI:S1934-5909(19)30051-7


Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) quiescence is a tightly regulated process crucial for hematopoietic regeneration, which requires a healthy and supportive microenvironmental niche within the bone marrow (BM). Here, we show that deletion of Ptpn21, a protein tyrosine phosphatase highly expressed in HSCs, induces stem cell egress from the niche due to impaired retention within the BM. Ptpn21 HSCs exhibit enhanced mobility, decreased quiescence, increased apoptosis, and defective reconstitution capacity. Ptpn21 deletion also decreased HSC stiffness and increased physical deformability, in part by dephosphorylating Spetin1 (Tyr), a poorly described component of the cytoskeleton. Elevated phosphorylation of Spetin1 in Ptpn21 cells impaired cytoskeletal remodeling, contributed to cortical instability, and decreased cell rigidity. Collectively, these findings show that Ptpn21 maintains cellular mechanics, which is correlated with its important functions in HSC niche retention and preservation of hematopoietic regeneration capacity.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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David Scadden’s laboratory is dedicated to discovering the principles governing blood cell production, with the ultimate goal of guiding the development of therapies for blood disorders and cancer.

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