Woolf TM, Jennings CG, Rebagliati M, Melton DA. 1990. The stability, toxicity and effectiveness of unmodified and phosphorothioate antisense oligodeoxynucleotides in Xenopus oocytes and embryos. Nucleic acids research. 18(7):1763-9. Pubmed: 1692405


The properties of antisense phosphorothioate and unmodified oligodeoxynucleotides have been studied in Xenopus oocytes and embryos. We find that phosphorothioates, like unmodified oligodeoxynucleotides, can degrade Vg1 mRNA in oocytes via an endogenous RNase H-like activity. In oocytes, phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides are more stable than unmodified oligodeoxynucleotides and are more effective in degrading Vg1 mRNA. In embryos, neither unmodified nor phosphorothioate deoxyoligonucleotides were effective in degrading Vg1 message at sub-toxic doses.

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Doug Melton is pursuing a cure for type 1 diabetes. His lab studies the developmental biology of the pancreas, using that information to grow and develop pancreatic cells (islets of Langerhans). In parallel, they investigate ways to protect beta cells from autoimmune attack.

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