Strittmatter SM, Valenzuela D, Sudo Y, Linder ME, Fishman MC. 1991. An intracellular guanine nucleotide release protein for G0. GAP-43 stimulates isolated alpha subunits by a novel mechanism. The Journal of biological chemistry. 266(33):22465-71. Pubmed: 1834672


G protein-coupled membrane receptors activate G proteins by enhancing guanine nucleotide exchange. G0 is a major component of the growing regions (growth cones) of neurons. GAP-43 is a neuronal protein associated with the cytosolic face of the growth cone plasma membrane and stimulates binding of guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate (GTP gamma S) to Go (Strittmatter, S. M., Valenzuela, D., Kennedy, T. E., Neer, E. J., and Fishman, M. C. (1990) Nature 344, 836-841). Here we have examined the mechanism by which GAP-43 affects G0. Like G protein-coupled receptors, GAP-43 enhances GDP release from G0, increases the initial rate of GTP gamma S binding, and increases the GTPase activity of Go, all without altering the intrinsic kappa cat for the GTPase. Unlike the case for receptors, however, the GAP-43 effect is not blocked by pertussis toxin, nor affected by the presence or absence of beta gamma or of phospholipids. There is specificity to the interaction, in that GAP-43 increases GTP gamma S binding to recombinant alpha o and alpha i1, but not to recombinant alpha s. Thus, GAP-43 is a guanine nucleotide release protein with a novel mechanism of action, potentially controlling membrane-associated G proteins from within the cell.

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Photo of Mark C. Fishman

Mark C. Fishman’s group studies the heart-brain connection. They employ a range of genetic, developmental, and neurobiological tools in zebrafish to understand what the heart tells the brain, and how critical internal sensory systems adjust homeostatic and somatic behaviors, including social interactions.

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