Ruiz i Altaba A, Melton DA. 1989. Interaction between peptide growth factors and homoeobox genes in the establishment of antero-posterior polarity in frog embryos. Nature. 341(6237):33-8. Pubmed: 2570357


The expression of the Xenopus homoeobox gene xhox3 is an early response to mesoderm induction by peptide growth factors and the level of xhox3 expression marks the antero-posterior character of the induced mesoderm. Different peptide growth factors specify different antero-posterior mesodermal cell fates as seen by the level of xhox3 expression and the capacity to induce specific secondary neural/epidermal structures. These factors and homoeobox genes thus form part of the mechanism necessary for establishing antero-posterior polarity in the frog embryo.

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Doug Melton is pursuing a cure for type 1 diabetes. His lab studies the developmental biology of the pancreas, using that information to grow and develop pancreatic cells (islets of Langerhans). In parallel, they investigate ways to protect beta cells from autoimmune attack.

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