Organ size is precisely regulated during development, but the control mechanisms remain obscure. We have isolated a mutation in zebrafish, liebeskummer (lik), which causes development of hyperplastic embryonic hearts. lik encodes Reptin, a component of a DNA-stimulated ATPase complex. The mutation activates ATPase activity of Reptin complexes and causes a cell-autonomous proliferation of cardiomyocytes to begin well after progenitors have fashioned the primitive heart tube. With regard to heart growth, beta-catenin and Pontin, a DNA-stimulated ATPase that is often part of complexes with Reptin, are in the same genetic pathways. Pontin reduction phenocopies the cardiac hyperplasia of the lik mutation. Thus, the Reptin/Pontin ratio serves to regulate heart growth during development, at least in part via the beta-catenin pathway.