Ma J, Meng W, Ayata C, Huang PL, Fishman MC, Moskowitz MA. 1996. L-NNA-sensitive regional cerebral blood flow augmentation during hypercapnia in type III NOS mutant mice. The American journal of physiology. 271(4 Pt 2):H1717-9. Pubmed: 8897969


The effect of NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) response to hypercapnia (5% CO2 inhalation) was studied in urethan-anesthetized wild-type (SV-129) and type III nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS)-deficient mice, using laser-Doppler flowmetry and the closed cranial window technique. Resting rCBF during normocapnia decreased by approximately 25% after L-NNA superfusion in wild-type mice only (n = 18), suggesting a role for type III NOS in baseline blood flow. Hypercapnia augmented rCBF approximately 50% in both wild-type and type III NOS mutant mice. L-NNA superfusion (1 mM) inhibited this increase by approximately 60% in both strains. Hence, synthesis of NO by the constitutively expressed type I NOS contributes to blood flow augmentation during hypercapnia.

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Photo of Mark C. Fishman

Mark C. Fishman’s group studies the heart-brain connection. They employ a range of genetic, developmental, and neurobiological tools in zebrafish to understand what the heart tells the brain, and how critical internal sensory systems adjust homeostatic and somatic behaviors, including social interactions.

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