Kim JW, Fedorov EA, Zon LI. 2024. G-CSF-induced hematopoietic stem cell mobilization from the embryonic hematopoietic niche does not require neutrophils and macrophages. Experimental hematology. 131:104147. Pubmed: 38160994 DOI:S0301-472X(23)01806-4


Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation requires the collection of hematopoietic cells from patients or stem cell donors. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is widely used in the clinic to mobilize hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) from the adult bone marrow niche into circulation, allowing a collection of HSPCs from the blood. The mechanism by which G-CSF acts to mobilize HSPCs is unclear, with some studies showing a direct stimulation of stem cells and others suggesting that myeloid cells are required. In this study, we developed a heat-inducible G-CSF transgenic zebrafish line to study HSPC mobilization in vivo. Live imaging of HSPCs after G-CSF induction revealed an increase in circulating HSPCs, demonstrating a successful HSPC mobilization. These mobilized HSPCs went on to prematurely colonize the kidney marrow, the adult zebrafish hematopoietic niche. We eliminated neutrophils or macrophages using a nitroreductase-based cell ablation system and found that G-CSF still mobilizes HSPCs from the niche. Our findings indicate that neutrophils and macrophages are not required for G-CSF-induced HSPC mobilization from the embryonic hematopoietic niche.
Copyright © 2024 ISEH -- Society for Hematology and Stem Cells. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Related Faculty

Photo of Len Zon

The Zon laboratory aims to dissect how assaults to the hematopoietic system cause severe diseases such as leukemias, lymphomas, and anemias. They investigate hematopoietic development and disease using chemical screens, genetic screens, and analysis of novel transgenic lines in zebrafish.

Search Menu