Acquired genetic or cytogenetic alterations in a blood stem cell that confer clonal fitness promote its relative expansion leading to clonal hematopoiesis (CH). Despite a largely intact hematopoietic output, CH is associated with a heightened risk of progression to hematologic malignancies and with non-hematologic health manifestations, including cardiovascular disease and overall mortality. We focus on the evidence for the role of inflammation in establishing, maintaining and reciprocally being affected by CH. We describe the known pro-inflammatory signals associated with CH and preclinical studies that elucidated the cellular mechanisms involved. We review the evolving literature on early-onset CH in germline predisposition conditions and the possible role of immune dysregulation in this context.
Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Photo of Len Zon

The Zon laboratory aims to dissect how assaults to the hematopoietic system cause severe diseases such as leukemias, lymphomas, and anemias. They investigate hematopoietic development and disease using chemical screens, genetic screens, and analysis of novel transgenic lines in zebrafish.

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