Blaser BW, Moore JL, Hagedorn EJ, Li B, Riquelme R, Lichtig A, Yang S, Zhou Y, Tamplin OJ, Binder V, Zon LI. 2017. CXCR1 remodels the vascular niche to promote hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell engraftment. The Journal of experimental medicine. 214(4):1011-1027. Pubmed: 28351983 DOI:10.1084/jem.20161616


The microenvironment is an important regulator of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) biology. Recent advances marking fluorescent HSPCs have allowed exquisite visualization of HSPCs in the caudal hematopoietic tissue (CHT) of the developing zebrafish. Here, we show that the chemokine and its receptor, , are expressed by zebrafish endothelial cells, and we identify signaling as a positive regulator of HSPC colonization. Single-cell tracking experiments demonstrated that this is a result of increases in HSPC-endothelial cell "cuddling," HSPC residency time within the CHT, and HSPC mitotic rate. Enhanced signaling was associated with an increase in the volume of the CHT and induction of expression. Finally, using parabiotic zebrafish, we show that acts HSPC nonautonomously to improve the efficiency of donor HSPC engraftment. This work identifies a mechanism by which the hematopoietic niche remodels to promote HSPC engraftment and suggests that signaling is a potential therapeutic target in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
© 2017 Blaser et al.

Related Faculty

Photo of Len Zon

The Zon laboratory aims to dissect how assaults to the hematopoietic system cause severe diseases such as leukemias, lymphomas, and anemias. They investigate hematopoietic development and disease using chemical screens, genetic screens, and analysis of novel transgenic lines in zebrafish.

Search Menu